Which paper including shown an excellent paucity of facts exploring matchmaking ranging from nurses’ engagement in EOL ily effects

                

目 录

  1. cuatro.step one. Guidance Representative
  2. cuatro.step one.step 1. Give Guidance so you can Doctors
  3. cuatro.step one.2. Bring Recommendations so you can Relatives

Synthesis of examined literature revealed that nurses’ character in the EOL decision-making has evolved because Help analysis . Outcome of knowledge out of 1996 to 2000 mean that nurses was indeed way more secondary within approach. A much-quoted data because of the Viney showed that nurses imagined which they performed n’t have a valid character inside the EOL elizabeth to tackle and you may secondary techniques that have doctors in order to determine choices . Inside or other knowledge, nurses recommended to possess people otherwise nearest and dearest because of the informing medical professionals away from patients’ conveyed wants and you can talking to the doctor with respect to your family [23, twenty-six, 32]. Although there is proof one to some nurses continue to use secondary actions, newer training show that of many nurses today play with alot more direct steps, for example speaking with medical professionals and you can loved ones about prognosis and you will implications out-of conclusion. Using this papers, we found that nurses enact three opportunities in the EOL decision making: recommendations agent, advocate, and endorse. Per character was shown less than having a discussion of one’s procedures nurses use to enact such opportunities (summarized when you look at the Dining table dos). In the end, i talk about the evidence of the outcome one nurses’ actions have on the patient and family relations consequences.

cuatro.step one. Guidance Representative

Nurses enjoy an important role in facilitating communications ranging from and you will certainly one of relatives and you can ranging from nearest and dearest plus the medical care class (team). The brand new tips nurses use to enact this role try displayed from inside the around three classes: give advice so you’re able to medical professionals, give guidance to help you nearest and dearest, and you can mediate.

cuatro.step one.step 1. Give Guidance so you can Doctors

Within the a literature report into the character of interdisciplinary class inside the handling passing away customers in an ICU, Baggs et al. unearthed that nurses was basically described as “suggestions brokers” (webpage 532), a vintage character discussed of the Viney where it relay information concerning the customers and you will family in order to medical professionals. Other studies establish nurses enacting that it role by giving the team with advice towards patient’s clinical standing [18, 23], towards patient’s and you will family members’ mental and you may psychological state , and you will on the patients’ and you may families’ shown desires [nine, 18, 34]. Liaschenko mais aussi al. stretched that it role further because of the describing nurses once the “nodal issues having change of data” (page 227) which have nurses getting guidance regarding of a lot supply, synthesizing one to information, and using they to develop a holistic review. This holistic or “huge visualize” (webpage 224) comparison lets nurses to grow their character of pointers agent in order to supporter and suggest. This research reveal that nurses are an important way to obtain advice to assist medical professionals from inside the EOL decision-making.

cuatro.step one.2. Bring Recommendations so you can Relatives

These types of tips consist of discussing gadgets , the fresh patient’s updates, and you may medical diagnosis on the household members [thirteen, twenty-four, twenty-seven, thirty five, 36]; translating scientific recommendations on the place words [8, 37, 38]; and you will outlining, training, and you can making clear definitions out of terminology, particularly DNR [thirty-two, 39, 40]. In one single analysis, family reported that when nurses offered merely tech suggestions instead of synthesizing and you will interpreting the definition of that guidance, they could have ingrained not true guarantee . Such as for instance, when you look at the a sensory ICU, a close relative mutual when a nurse told her that the latest person’s intracranial pressure (ICP) got come down, she try elated, believing that this was an indicator the diligent was taking finest. Indeed, so it person’s status is actually gradually declining, plus the ICP learning is unimportant toward medical diagnosis . Nurses who feel improperly willing to render guidance to household members can provide her or him worthless recommendations, particularly “he/she’s got a beneficial night,” [41, page 140]. Family unit members, in the a study of its experience in an enthusiastic ICU, reported that this new nurses was in fact commonly vague, reporting relaxed facts yet not information regarding medical diagnosis .

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